A psychiatric hospital, is a hospital specializing in the treatment of serious mental illness, usually for relatively long-term inpatients.

Psychiatric institutions vary widely in their goals and methods. Some hospitals may specialize only in short-term or outpatient therapy for low-risk patients. Others may specialize in the temporary or permanent care of residents who as a result of a psychological disorder, require routine assistance, treatment or a specialized and controlled environment. Patients are often admitted on a voluntary basis, but involuntary commitment is practiced when an individual may pose a significant danger to themselves or others.

Some hospitals also have day programs that provide structured programming throughout the day on an outpatient basis.

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